Different routes to social security in Europe: social protection or social invesment (What determines the perception of social risks in relation to unemployment, care responsibilities and poverty?

Different routes to social security in Europe: social protection or social invesment (What determines the perception of social risks in relation to unemployment, care responsibilities and poverty?


Rutas diferentes para la seguridad social en Europa: Protección Social o Inversión Social. ¿Qué determina la percepción de los riesgos sociales relacionados con el desempleo, las responsabilidades asistenciales y la pobreza?

Ejrnæs, Anders y P. Boje, Thomas

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Abstract:

The article analyzes new social risks and how they are managed in different European social systems. We will focus on social risks that people in European countries are facing in the post-industrial society and how these risks are confronted by the welfare system. One type of social risks comes from the inability to combine care for children and elderly relatives with paid work. Especially women are often forced to sacrifice employment in order to care for family members and have consequently a higher risk of poverty. A second type of social risks relates to changes caused by technological innovations, industrial restructuring and global competition. Especially un-skilled male workers are hurt and have a higher risk of unemployment – followed by poverty and social exclusion. The article examines how both institutional factors as family, labour market and welfare policy as well as individual factors as gender, education, age, and ethnicity affect patterns of perceived social risk. In analysing the perception of social risk we use comparative data from the fourth round of the European Social Survey carried out in 2008.

Keywords: New Social Risks; Unemployment, Work-family Conciliation, Poverty, Social Rights, Social Investments.

Resumen:

El artículo analiza los nuevos riesgos sociales y cómo se manejan en los diversos sistemas sociales europeos. Nos centraremos en los riesgos sociales que las personas están afrontando en las sociedades post-industriales europeas y en cómo estos riesgos se oponen al Sistema de Bienestar. Un tipo de riesgo social viene de la imposibilidad de combinar el cuidado de los hijos y de las personas mayores con el desempeño laboral. Especialmente en el caso de las mujeres, que se ven forzadas a sacrificar su empleo para poder cuidar de los miembros de la familia y por tanto, aumentan su vulnerabilidad frente a la probreza. Un segundo tipo de riesgo social está relacionado con los cambios derivados de la innovación tecnológicas, la reestructuración industrial y la competición mundial. Este riesgo afecta especialmente a los trabajadores varones sin especialización, lo que les lleva en primer lugar, a tener mayor probabilidad de sufrir un accidente o de perder el empleo, así como a sufrir la probreza y la exclusión social. El artículo examina tanto los factores institucionales como familiares, el mercado de trabajo y las políticas de bienestar, así como factores individuales tales como el género, la educación, la edad, y los patrones étrnicos en cuanto al riesgo social percibido. Al analizar la percepción del riesgo social, usamos datos comparativos de la cuarta Encuesta Social Europea del año 2008.

Palabras clave: Nuevos riesgos sociales; Desempleo, conciliación trabajo-familia, pobreza, derechos sociales, inversiones sociales.

Article info:

Received: 06 / 10 / 2010 / Received in revised form: 27 / 12 / 2010
Accepted: 28 / 12/ 2010 / Published online: 03/01/2011
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.1.3

Citar como:

Ejrnæs, Anders y P. Boje, Thomas. "Different routes to social security in Europe: social protection or social invesment (What determines the perception of social risks in relation to unemployment, care responsibilities and poverty?", Comunitania, International Journal of Social Work and Social Sciences, 2011, enero, n. 1, pp. 45-67. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.1.3

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Ficha Técnica

Título: "Different routes to social security in Europe: social protection or social invesment (What determines the perception of social risks in relation to unemployment, care responsibilities and poverty?"
Autor: Ejrnæs, Anders y P. Boje, Thomas
Universidad: Roskilde University
Número:
Páginas: "45-67"
Fecha: 2011, enero
URL: http://www.comunitania.com/anders-ejrnaes-y-thomas-p-boje-different-routes-to-social-security-in-europe-social-protection-or-social-invesment-what-determines-the-perception-of-social-risks-in-relation-to-unemployment-care-respo/
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.1.3
Revista: Comunitania, Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales
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Ejrnæs, Anders y P. Boje, Thomas. "Different routes to social security in Europe: social protection or social invesment (What determines the perception of social risks in relation to unemployment, care responsibilities and poverty?", Comunitania. Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales, 2011, enero, n. 1, pp. 45-67. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.1.3

Technical Data

Title: "Different routes to social security in Europe: social protection or social invesment (What determines the perception of social risks in relation to unemployment, care responsibilities and poverty?"
Author: Ejrnæs, Anders y P. Boje, Thomas
University: Roskilde University
Number:
Pages: "45-67"
Date: 2011, enero
URL: http://www.comunitania.com/anders-ejrnaes-y-thomas-p-boje-different-routes-to-social-security-in-europe-social-protection-or-social-invesment-what-determines-the-perception-of-social-risks-in-relation-to-unemployment-care-respo/
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.1.3
Magazine: Comunitania, International Journal of Social Work and Social Sciences
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Ejrnæs, Anders y P. Boje, Thomas. "Different routes to social security in Europe: social protection or social invesment (What determines the perception of social risks in relation to unemployment, care responsibilities and poverty?", Comunitania, International Journal of Social Work and Social Sciences, 2011, enero, n. 1, pp. 45-67. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.1.3