The 2006 New York Convention and Obligations of Persons with Disabilities: Liability for Damages within the Scope of Civil Law and Common Law

The 2006 New York Convention and Obligations of Persons with Disabilities: Liability for Damages within the Scope of Civil Law and Common Law

Yáñez Vivero, Fátima

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Abstract:

The New York Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities of 13 December 2006 repeatedly – even excessively – refers to the rights and freedoms of persons with disabilities. However, these rights must be combined with a corresponding assumption of obligations and responsibilities to ensure equal treatment for all parties. Specifically, the liability derived from damages caused to a third party by a person with a disability constitutes the object of this study. Some elements of this liability – especially regarding negligence – must be examined in relation to the disability itself to determine whether the elements are appropriate under the circumstances, such as damages arising from a psychological disability. The analysis of this issue shall be carried out from a comparative perspective, highlighting the agreements and disagreements between Civil Law and Common Law.

Keywords: mental disability, required standard of conduct, fault, liability, damages.

Resumen:

La Convención de Nueva York sobre los derechos de las personas con discapacidad, de 13 de diciembre de 2006, se refiere reiteradamente – incluso, en exceso - a los derechos y libertades de estas personas. Pero es obvio que el ejercicio de los derechos y libertades en igualdad de condiciones que el resto de sujetos no podrá llevarse a cabo, de modo pleno, si no lleva aparejada la correspondiente asunción de obligaciones y responsabilidades. En concreto, la responsabilidad derivada del daño causado a tercero por una persona con discapacidad constituye el objeto de este estudio. Para ello habrá que examinar algunos elementos de la responsabilidad - especialmente el de la culpa - y determinar su compatibilidad con determinadas circunstancias personales, como las derivadas de una discapacidad psíquica. El análisis de esta cuestión se llevará a cabo desde una perspectiva comparativa que pone de relieve los encuentros y desencuentros entre los ordenamientos pertenecientes al denominado Civil Law y los del Common Law.

Palabras clave: discapacidad psíquica, estándar de conducta exigible, culpa, responsabilidad civil, daños.

Article info:

Recived: 16/06/2011 / Received in revised form: 19/11/2011
Accepted: 22/12/2011 / Published online: 30/01/2012
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.3.1

Quote as:

Yáñez Vivero, Fátima. "The 2006 New York Convention and Obligations of Persons with Disabilities: Liability for Damages within the Scope of Civil Law and Common Law", Comunitania, International Journal of Social Work and Social Sciences, 2012, enero, n. 3, pp. 9-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.3.1

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Technical Data

Title: "The 2006 New York Convention and Obligations of Persons with Disabilities: Liability for Damages within the Scope of Civil Law and Common Law"
Author: Yáñez Vivero, Fátima
University: Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (Spain)
Number:
Pages: "9-27"
Date: 2012, enero
URL: http://www.comunitania.com/fatima-yanez-vivero-the-2006-new-york-convention-and-obligations-of-persons-with-disabilities-liability-for-damages-within-the-scope-of-civil-law-and-common-law/
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.3.1
Magazine: Comunitania, International Journal of Social Work and Social Sciences
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Yáñez Vivero, Fátima. "The 2006 New York Convention and Obligations of Persons with Disabilities: Liability for Damages within the Scope of Civil Law and Common Law", Comunitania, International Journal of Social Work and Social Sciences, 2012, enero, n. 3, pp. 9-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.3.1