Spin-off and gender: differences between men and women in the creation of technology-based companies

Spin-off and gender: differences between men and women in the creation of technology-based companies

Brunet Icart, Ignasi y Rodríguez Soler, Joan

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Abstract:

This article addresses to the effects of sexual division of labour on the creation of self employment in the specific context of knowledge transfer companies, particularly in university spin-off. The results described here are based on a study funded by the Catalan Women’s Institute, which seeks to provide continuity to other research that affect the relationship between entrepreneurship and gender. The aim of this paper is to study the differences between men and women entrepreneurs and see what factors influence their trajectories. The focus of the analysis is placed on the differences that the sexual division of labour results in an activity as self-employment, focusing on two specific areas of this: the initial moment of creation of a company and in the context of high-tech companies where innovation and research, rather than added value, are the reason for such business initiatives.

Keywords: entrepreneurship, spin-off, sexual division of labour

Resumen:

Este artículo aborda los efectos de la división sexual del trabajo sobre la creación de empleo por cuenta propia en el marco específico de las empresas de transferencia de conocimiento, particularmente en las empresas spin-off universitarias. Los resultados aquí descritos parten de un estudio, financiado por el Instituto Catalán de la Mujer, que intenta dar continuidad a otras investigaciones que inciden en la relación entre emprendeduría y género. El objetivo de este artículo pasa por estudiar las diferencias entre los hombres y mujeres emprendedores y observar qué factores inciden en sus trayectorias diferenciadas. El foco del análisis, pues, se pone en las diferencias que la división sexual del trabajo provoca en una actividad como el trabajo por cuenta propio, incidiendo en dos ámbitos concretos de éste: el momento inicial de creación de una empresa y en el contexto de empresas altamente tecnológicas donde la innovación y la investigación, más que un valor añadido, son la razón de ser de dichas iniciativas empresariales.

Palabras clave: emprendeduría, spin-off, división sexual del trabajo

Article info:

Received: 16/05/2012 / Received in revised form: 25/06/2013
Aceppted: 01/07/2013 / Published online: 15/07/2013
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.6.1

Quote as:

Brunet Icart, Ignasi y Rodríguez Soler, Joan. "Spin-off and gender: differences between men and women in the creation of technology-based companies", Comunitania, International Journal of Social Work and Social Sciences, 2013, july, n. 6, pp. 9-36. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.6.1

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Technical Data

Title: "Spin-off and gender: differences between men and women in the creation of technology-based companies"
Author: Brunet Icart, Ignasi y Rodríguez Soler, Joan
University: Universidad Rovira i Virgili
Number:
Pages: "9-36"
Date: 2013, july
URL: http://www.comunitania.com/ignasi-brunet-icart-and-joan-rodriguez-soler-spin-off-and-gender-differences-between-men-and-women-in-the-creation-of-technology-based-companies/
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.6.1
Magazine: Comunitania, International Journal of Social Work and Social Sciences
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Quote as

Brunet Icart, Ignasi y Rodríguez Soler, Joan. "Spin-off and gender: differences between men and women in the creation of technology-based companies", Comunitania, International Journal of Social Work and Social Sciences, 2013, july, n. 6, pp. 9-36. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.6.1