Some Ideas in Traditional Chinese Culture Related to Human Rights Conception: With Special Regard to the Works of Mencius

Some Ideas in Traditional Chinese Culture Related to Human Rights Conception: With Special Regard to the Works of Mencius

Li, Xingan

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Abstract:

The complete concept of human rights in contemporary sense is a new thing compared with human history. Before the modern times, both Chinese culture and Western culture lacked the conception of human rights. However, this does not negate the fact that there have been various ideas on human rights in different cultures. After three centuries of development, human rights ideas have become the common norm and property of the whole human beings. From today’s standpoint, we can have a bird’s-eye view on previous ideas on human rights. This article summarised some of the human rights ideas that were expressed in Mencius’ works. It has been proved that Confucianism included some ideas of the modern conception of human rights. The Confucian tradition also justified the Western conception of human rights from a certain aspect. At the same time, traditional Chinese conception of human rights has also reflected in and influenced on contemporary Chinese practice.

Keywords: Human rights, Chinese culture, Confucianism, Mencius, law

Resumen:

El concepto completo de los derechos humanos en sentido contemporáneo es una novedad en relación con la historia de la Humanidad. Antes de los tiempos modernos, tanto la cultura china como la cultura occidental carecían de la concepción de los derechos humanos. Sin embargo, esto es contradictorio con el desarrollo de diferentes planteamientos sobre los derechos humanos en las diferentes culturas. Después de tres siglos de desarrollo, los derechos humanos se han convertido en la norma común y la propiedad de la totalidad de los seres humanos. Desde una perspectiva contemporánea, podemos analizar las ideas anteriores sobre los derechos humanos. Este artículo resume algunas de las ideas de los derechos humanos que fueron expresadas en las obras de Mencio. Y muestra cómo el confucianismo incluyó algunas ideas de la concepción moderna de los derechos humanos. La tradición confuciana, en cierto sentido, también permite la fundamentación de la concepción occidental de los derechos humanos. Al mismo tiempo, la concepción tradicional china de derechos humanos también se ha reflejado y ha influido en la práctica contemporánea china.

Palabras clave: Derechos Humanos, Cultura chian, Confuncianismo, Mencio, ley

Article info:

Received: 18/11/2014 / Received in revised form: 09/01/2015
Accepted: 20/01/2015 / Published online: 25/01/2015
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.9.6

Quote as:

Li, Xingan. "Some Ideas in Traditional Chinese Culture Related to Human Rights Conception: With Special Regard to the Works of Mencius", Comunitania, International Journal of Social Work and Social Sciences, 2015, january, n. 9, pp. 137-150. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.9.6

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Technical Data

Title: "Some Ideas in Traditional Chinese Culture Related to Human Rights Conception: With Special Regard to the Works of Mencius"
Author: Li, Xingan
University: Tallinn University Law School
Number:
Pages: "137-150"
Date: 2015, january
URL: http://www.comunitania.com/xingan-li-some-ideas-in-traditional-chinese-culture-related-to-human-rights-conception-with-special-regard-to-the-works-of-mencius/
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.9.6
Magazine: Comunitania, International Journal of Social Work and Social Sciences
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Quote as

Li, Xingan. "Some Ideas in Traditional Chinese Culture Related to Human Rights Conception: With Special Regard to the Works of Mencius", Comunitania, International Journal of Social Work and Social Sciences, 2015, january, n. 9, pp. 137-150. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/comunitania.9.6